Below will be (gradually ready coming months) compromised/summarized/updates from a number of earlier work during 30 years.
A usual definition of PTSD is: “Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, or rape or who have been threatened with death, sexual violence or serious injury” https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/ptsd/what-is-ptsd
From my paradigm, an Integrated Psychophysiological Behavioral(stress) Medicine one, where I only will emphasize (of some already in the link above!)
1. The intensity and duration are critical “factors” as well as spontaneous and/or controlled recovery (and how interventions often “need” to be “based on already skills the patient have found effective/learned and practiced … etc., therefore to not forget to learn about what patients do (which they may feel “that is just me” and underestimated not “by own” tell – AND this can also be evaluated in psychophysiological data -> To the surprising delight of patients, increasing their self-confidence and motivation”
- Considering the complexity of memory out of a neurobiological evolutionary perspective, which has consequences I discuss below, see “Specific concerns about human brain evolution”
- That pronounced knowledge development occurs at many fields, e.g. Toward development of a guide facilitating knowledge and practice-based use of human Limbic systems information processing in general and health care services in particular | Cultural Medicine and ..
- Considering integration of eastern and wester medicine in the intervention biopsychosocial-cultural tool box Eastern and western medicine – can they both meet in win-win using an integrating psychophysiological platform? | Cultural Medicine
- Last but not least; Always to be remembered? Hippocrates – Biopsychosocial Medicine | Lifestyle medicine for all – by all. Patients as educated competent resources in their own rehabilitation
See also below “Different subtypes of PTSD”
What is usually PTSD referring to?
Subtypes of PTSD
Examination, assessment and diagnosis
Some central concepts/approaches
- Can Safe place be Self-Effectively-Trained and its development outcome measured?
(see also more right now at Welcome | BOAIM2: Bergvik Open Academia for Innovative Medicine Management)
Fist, “safe place” refers here to an individual´s spatial memory construct clusters (in Limbic system in our brain), which we can “Safe place tracking” (see also Welcome | BOAIM2: Bergvik Open Academia for Innovative Medicine Management), if not already an effective “safe lace” concept is identified. More, we can also use “safe behaviors”, referring here to doing/executing behaviors usually causing in “safe feeling/emotions”.
Now the question: Yes, is the answer. How come? Basically, this is thanks to our increased understanding of Limbic memory construct cluster reconsolidation (Nader et.al., reconstruction, Kelly 1955). Not very easy but is actually based on old knowledge/skills in a new light! I have elaborated this at Toward development of a guide facilitating knowledge and practice-based use of human Limbic systems information processing in general and health care services in particular | Cultural Medicine