How do communication codes develops?
Evolution of sensory inputs – from within and outside – as well as the very evolution of perception information interpretation – of internal and external inputs – after which organisms orient themselves in their habitat, which becomes more and more complex over time during evolution, given the survival value is high.
In other words, internal and external communications thus take place based on the perception of sensory inputs that thus become information processes from which the organism orients itself within and between individuals, where precisely ”dual code” (Paivio, 1971, https://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/dual-coding/) provides perspective in the form of metacognition (helicopter perspective) and reasoning, predominantly at the same time as the Orientation response and the Startle reflex – https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Startle-reflexen – Keeps watch, so homosapiens are not surprised by predators during deep, reasoning thoughts.
The above also explains why some people develop phobias especially if we have experienced traumatic events identified as PTSD. As well as also that it is easy to verbally rationally not wash away PTSD it is similar to limbic construct clusters.
Of course, spatial and sequential language in various ways also intervened. But here we focus on sequential in more verbal like form very little for mainly discuss how verbal code is super imposed while still apparently spatial is still dominating while associated with Limbic construct emotional elaborations.
A whale communicate with a sequential code, “Groundbreaking effort launched to decode whale language” https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/scientists-plan-to-use-ai-to-try-to-decode-the-language-of-whales, as an example of a very complex code. In Einstein Animal, BBC has more also about this as well as much other surprising to offer https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000slks.
We can also consider what we call non-verbal and verbal code, where also the BBC program has examples on how very small children communicate well with chimpanzees! Adults do also use non-verbal (spatial) code in varying degree, some very much and some not. This is also associated often with temperament and also different cultures.
If we consider different written human languages, e.g. English (based on alphabet) and Chinese “is not based on an alphabet. An alphabet consists of a small number of letters. Letters represent sounds. They spell out how words should be pronounced. Letters don’t have any meaning by themselves”. https://blog.tutorabcchinese.com/mandarin-chinese-learning-tips/how-do-chinese-characters-work – e.g. “How to say ”Unexpected” in Chinese (意想不到的) – We have audio examples from both a male and female professional voice actor”. https://speechling.com/how-to/how-to-say-unexpected-in-chinese-3205
There is also a saying; “A picture is worth a thousand words, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_picture_is_worth_a_thousand_words
More, Tacit knowledge (“attributed to Michael Polanyi’s Personal Knowledge, 1958), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacit_knowledge “Tacit knowledge or implicit knowledge—as opposed to formal, codified or explicit knowledge—is knowledge that is difficult to express or extract, and thus more difficult to transfer to others by means of writing it down or verbalizing it. This can include personal wisdom, experience, insight, and intuition.” This is, in our understanding “Limbic spatial construct clustering”.
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How can we deal with incomplete knowledge?
Well, this is what we always do, although when are shopping we do not substantially need to think about it in that way. But when it concerns important problems/decisions/… we try as good we can (I hope) based on the knowledge we have learned from the not complete knowledge base.
But, how can we optimize information processing? My suggestion (so far) is that when we deal with complex, information that includes decision-making processes based on, to varying degrees, limited knowledge/incomplete knowledge is to be already found in Thales’ ”principle” (my name + ref), as the only starting point. That is, to criticize yourself and others and ask others to criticize yourself and yourself so that – together – we can try to find the best possible solution – but it is important to come to a decision so that it is not just a roundabout. In addition, we should consider Thomas Hobbes: It is important that we define the words we use, otherwise we get entangled like a bird in a noose, the more we put in the effort the more we get stuck (ref).
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